Louisville and Nashville Railroad
A Male High School graduate, Daulton's father was with the carman's union. Coleman Daulton started working for the L&N in the passenger department. He worked in the City Passenger Agent's office in the Starks Building. Stayed until cutback and worked for a while at the Andrews-Collins Company. Returned to the L&N in the personnel department where he remained for several years. Moved to the vice president's office as accident report clerk. Became secretary for assistant vice president R.C. Parsons. With this position Daulton traveled extensively throughout the entire L&N system, attended yearly stockholders' and director's meetings. Career experience with the L&N as assistant and then superintendent of safety began about 1950. This position began with three safety inspectors (maintenance of way, mechanical, and transportation) but gradually lost all three. Daulton was then given duties of head of freight loss and damage prevention when the department head retired. Changes came about when C.H. Sanderson joined the L&N. From 1972-1975 additional backing was given the Safety Department to accomplish its work. Accomplishments and programs of the department over the years (safety shoes, head protection, earmuffs, comprehensive rulebook replaced numerous sections put out by various departments). Emphasis on the importance of the red book on chemicals to the railroad in time of danger. L&N company policy of promoting men through the ranks and the effect this had. Thought on effects of reversing this policy. Family background of many people deeply involved in the L&N Railroad and how this relates to settlement of different areas in Louisville. Newsletter of national safety organization and Daulton's relation to it. Sections on early days in the L&N when traveling with Parsons and later experiences under C.S. Sanderson. Relationship between the Safety Department and the Claims Department (Law). Procedure when an injury took place. Important safety improvements for railroad.
William Dudley served as the last station master for the L&N Railroad at the Union Station in Louisville, Kentucky. Main topics: Railroad background of various members of the Dudley family. Usual cargo loads carried by the L&N such as baby chicks and a dead whale. World War II freight and passenger traffic, including the atomic bomb cars. Famous passengers known by Mr. Dudley. Experience as a mailhandler. Comparison of the train master and a station master. Interesting Kentucky Derby stories. Segregation policies and procedures of the L&N Railroad. L&N political activities.
Mr. Eye is a retired locomotive carpenter with a broad knowledge of the working of the South Louisville shops. Main topics: Early life and employment. South Louisville shops during World War II. Background on labor relations including comments on the 1922 and 1955 strikes on the L&N Railroad. Reflections on the steam locomotive and the change to diesel power. Physical considerations of work life at the South Louisville facilities. Modernization of the South Louisville shops. Various topics such as tours of the shops for main office personnel; positive feelings about work at the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Phased out jobs, and cooperative efforts between the shops and other departments of the L&N.
Main topics: Education, early years with the L&N, characterizations of the L&N presidents: Milton H. Smith, Wible L. Mapother, James B. Hill, and John Tilford; made General Counsel under Hill. Under Tilford the push made to change to diesel power. ICC: Joseph Eastman and his connection with Louis D. Brandeis. Passenger service. Importance of business following the rail lines and the modernization of the L&N. Merger background. Change in hierarchy of the L&N. Board of directors of the L&N, chairman of the board of the Seaboard Coast Line. Importance of decision to convert from steam to diesel power. Financing the railroad through bond issues: L&N always had conservative financial policy. L&N involvement with coal fields in eastern and western Kentucky, Birmingham area. Law Department: involvement in issues that went before the ICC, cases involved rates. Levels of appeal before going to the Supreme Court. Cases before the Supreme Court, N.C.&St.L. Political activities in 1950s. Legislation adverse and profitable to the railroad. Lobbyists for the L&N - Pinkston and Lewis from Lexington. Labor and rates were main concern. Development of law staff. Prime Osborn - great knowledge about ICC. Philip M. Lanier - Vice President Law and General Counsel. Personal items about Mr. Grubbs' life, activities at St. Paul United Methodist Church and foundation of LOA (Love One Another) class. Family relationships and books written by Grubbs.
Early life and jobs before joining the L&N Railroad. Secretary for general claims agent then general claims attorney. L&N in 1945: still a man's world. Ms. Hanley replaced a man. Explanation of claims department hierarchy and types of general claims work. Percentages of accidents and types of accidents. Description of several executives in the general claims division of the law department. Other divisions include commerce and general law (mortgages, deeds, and release agreements). Approximately 16 attorneys in 1945 and 14 in 1980; 15 outside District Attorneys and four staff plus local attorneys and medical staff consisting of 16 district surgeons and surgeons of present. Secretary for HW Willen, general claims attorney, about 1953 on. Tilford is the president being discussed. About 1960 Ms. Hanley began working for Milton H. Smith, II. Commerce department handles abandonment problems: L&N must get permission from ICC for closure of any tracks, branches, etc. Recollections of JJ Donohue, Mary Barnett (secretary), HW Willen, WJ Creclius, and Jim M. Terry. Hostess responsibilities: board of directors luncheon, retirement party for JE Tilford and later for WL Grubbs and CS Sanderson. Wrote the correspondent's column for the law department for 20 yrs. There was a very involved system to record keeping. Medical section very valuable because of the payments of bills. Participation by L&N in various projects: Dessie Scott Children's Home, Matilda Fund for L&N families, Once-a-year Solicitation plan, L&N Cooperative Club. Explanation of the 10th floor prestige: legal department on west end and executive department on east end. Working for Milton H. Smith, son of Sidney Smith, VP and grandson of Milton Hannibal Smith, president of L&N 1884-1886 and 1891-1921. Moving considerations to Jacksonville, Florida: tax, insurance and accounting. No plans at present to move the law department. Opportunities open to young people now that were closed 30 years ago. Organizations Hanley is actively involved with, women's movement into industry.
Moved to Louisville about 14, went to Louisville Polytechnical School run by the YMCA. After he joined the L&N in the Commerce Law and Traffic Department, he went to University of Louisville to take railroad law. Earlier worked in mimeograph department and as a clerk in mailing department. Depression hit and he moved to the Embargo Bureau. One of his main accomplishments was the updating of the tracking system. L&N was using a paper system and Harkleroad looked over other systems to find a better method. In 1965 with the use of telex and Western Union along with IBM, he was able to make needed modifications. Next in importance was to tie shippers into the system so that they could receive the information they needed but not receive restricted information. Final coup was to sell top officials on the importance of the system and the negotiation with the local union regarding the operation of the system. Positive aspects of real time, and the computerization of the train yards. Run through trains versus the unit train. Discussion of the workings of the Embargo Bureau and its involvement in moving people from Oklahoma to Baldwin County, Alabama. Observations on subjects surrounding working with car equipment: Car service items; car committee; special cars; shippers; car cleaning; constructive placement; cross-town switching; custom underframe car; rules for handling explosives; dunnage/wooden pallets to shipper.
This interview covers Henderson's education, the short time he spent with the Tennessee Central, and completing his education. Started with NC&StL as secretary then on to the Claims Division. Came to the L&N as an attorney in position of assistant to the general counsel. Depression years. Background of NC&StL and its relationship to the L&N. Differences and commonalities between the two railroads. Size of the law staff at L&N much larger. Comments on the law staff here. 1955 strike and the job that Henderson manned during the strike in Centralized Traffic Control (CTC). Comments on law hearing that involved William L. Grubbs (tapes 801-802). Tax ratio study that was worked on in Washington DC and New York City. 1960's: Began legislative activities as they related to the L&N railroad. Questions, problems, litigation. Procedure for setting up legislative activities. Activities with the state government. Example of government/Lamp;N cooperation was the moving of the tracks in Lexington, Kentucky. Explanation of Henderson's broadened activities from 1968 on. In 1968 he was made general attorney in charge of all legislative activities in 13 states (Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and North Carolina among them). Collection of accounts and filing litigation. Comments on Board of Directors resolutions, work as assistant to Chief Counsel William L. Grubbs, and other subjects. Some cases of importance to Henderson's work career: L&N v. Southern Railway, State of Georgia case, and suit against the Cleancoal Company. Changes over the years.
Mr. Howard was employed as a locomotive engineer for 39 years by the L&N Railroad. This interview deals with his experiences in the transportation field including the age of steam.
Mrs. Janes is a housewife living in the Louisville area who was among hundreds of women employed by the L&N Railroad during World War II. Main topics: Family connections with the L&N Railroad; work at the L&N local freight office; work situation for women during World War II; Mrs. Janes' father's work experiences including a connection with black Louisville artist Bert Hurley; L&N connections with South Louisville neighborhoods; train trips over the years.
Mr. Kendall's experiences prior to joining the L&N: Pennsylvania Atlantic Coast Line; and the Clinchfield railroads. 1954 Assistant to L&N president John Tilford, just prior to 1955 strike. Some reflections on the strike and its effect on the railroad. Improvement of labor relations from that point on. Merger of NC&StL in 1957; groundwork done before Kendall came to L&N. Board of Directors of L&N and ACL under the chairmanship of ALM Wiggins. Gradual change in makeup of the board continuing until the late 1960s. Change in meeting place and financial offices. Technological changes, the diesel and its importance to the railroad. Steam elimination and the adaptability of personnel. Modernization of the yards: Atlanta, Nashville, Birmingham and DeCoursey. Increase of tonnage made modernization necessary. Replacement cars and increased capacity of carriers. Investment tax credits for new purchases. Decline in passenger service, poor financial return, coming of Amtrack. Consolidation period and cooperation in common areas for saving among the Family Lines under the Seaboard Coast Lines. Plans for retirement and process of selection of successor, Prime Osborn. Background for his present partnership with Cleancoal Terminals. Kendall's association with various directorates. Brief description of family life during these years. Development of young talent within an organization.