African Americans

= Audio Available Online
Mr. Ealy, who came to Louisville in 1918, discusses his recollections of politics, journalism and race relations in the city from 1910s to 1970s. Specifically, this interview contains information on the African American journalists I. Willis Cole (Louisville Leader), William Warley (Louisville News), and Frank Stanley, Sr. (Louisville Defender); machine politics in the city; his recollections of life in the African American community in Louisville; and his philosophy of race relations. He also describes his early life and education.
Mr. Ebbs is a 75-year-old black man, and was a resident of the Parkland area during the 1940s and 1950s. He discusses his life in Louisville as well as the Parkland area during the 1940s. Early resident of the neighborhood discusses the mixed racial area and peaceful atmosphere. Recreational activities centered around the churches and related religious groups. Left the area for better living conveniences. Enjoyed Chickasaw Park and other amenities. Discusses the racial segregation of the city during the time and inequality some members of his family received.
The narrative traces Mr. Edward's moves from Moorhead, Mississippi, to Chicago, Illinois, and later to Louisville, Kentucky. During these years Mr. Edwards attended innovative programs in Chicago and graduated from Shawnee High School. After attending Western Kentucky University and Bowling Green Business College, Mr. Edwards was successful in obtaining an Office of Minority Business Enterprise (O.M.B.E.) loan for the Pressley and Edwards Machine and Welding Company. A large portion of the interviewer traces the persistent efforts of Edwards and others to make the company a success. Mr. Edwards is a member of a large extended family presently living in Louisville.
Talks about the riots occurring right outside of her home and discusses growing up in Parkland, still living in her childhood home and how the neighborhood has evolved for both good and bad over the decades. She starts by providing background information regarding her family, living in the projects and then later in the home she still lives in. Analyzes the differences between protesters and rioters. Interview index and summary available
Ervin discusses her experience as a teacher in Indian Trails and the discrimination she faced. She notes this time as a happy time, and recalls lesson she learned as a teacher. Ervin notes the role of her mother shaping her decision to become a teacher. She instilled the need of education onto her two daughters. Ervin also talks about her siblings’ and their careers, her funding at the University of Michigan. Ervin discusses the boundaries of the Parkland neighborhood and notes it as being a nice neighborhood prior to the riot. She recalls the riot of 1968 (describing the period as a time of civil unrest), and notes her experiences demonstrating during the 1960’s and 1970’s. Ervin discusses organization of the rally and the damage after the riot. Ervin notes the impact the riot had on West Louisville, including the initial feelings of fear and the removal of many businesses in the area. Ervin discusses the Black Six and their trial. She recalls them being seen as heroes to the community. She provides her general feelings about Louisville after the riot (her desire to leave), as well as the perception of others (the West End being seen as undesirable). Ervin notes the after effect on Parkland today. Interview index available
Veterans History Project
Mrs. Gilmore discusses her career as a librarian with the Indianapolis Free Public Library. He discusses his family history and his 42-year career with the railroad as a porter. Together Mr. and Mrs. Gilmore discuss their home in Parkland and the changes in the area over the years. Talks about how a mixed couple (black man, white woman) had trouble buying a house and how the racial make-up of the neighborhood changed.
The study of a black family's memories and impressions of the Depression and how it affected Kentucky's African Americans. It also contained detailed descriptions of a coal mine in Jenkins, Letcher County, Kentucky, including work, company store, pay and improvements with the coming of the War II, black sports and black comedians.
Goodrow grew up in the West End of Louisville, Kentucky. He attended St. Columba Catholic School and Flaget High School in Louisville. He served in the Marine Corps (1956-1959) in Puerto Rico and North Carolina. He attended the University of Louisville and Bellarmine University for undergraduate education. His past employment included factory work at Bryan Williamson, salesman for Donnellson Bakery, National Life and Insurance Company, and the Louisville Water Company. A retired Middletown firefighter, he currently is an instructor for Region 6 of the Kentucky Fire Commission. Henry Goodrow speaks about growing up in the West End of Louisville, Kentucky. He describes the Parkland neighborhood’s past industries, businesses, shops, and demographics. He tells of the cause and results of the Parkland Riot. He discusses white prejudice against blacks in the 1950s and 1960s. He describes negative perceptions of the West End and contemporary challenges that Parkland faces. He concludes with thoughts on what is needed to improve Parkland. Interview index and summary available
Mr. Goodwin, a nursery owner and local historian from Louisville, Kentucky, discusses his ancestors and other African Americans who lived in the Petersburg / Newburg area. He describes the relationships of various African Americans with white slaveowners, and the efforts blacks made to build their community following slavery. He describes his own efforts to develop his community through the location of library in Newburg and the Petersburg Historical Society's programs, as well as his fight against urban renewal. He also talks about his own career in the nursery business.