Journalists

337
Ms. Clowes joined the Courier-Journal in 1936 as a staff reporter. Her previous newspaper experience was with the old Herald-Post. She was named editor of the Courier-Journal editorial page in 1966, and held this position until her retirement.
436
Ms. Coady began her career with the Courier-Journal and Louisville Times as an assistant copy editor employed temporarily during the summer of 1945. She returned after graduation from college in July 1946 to permanent employment. She has worked as an assistant copy editor, feature writer, news reporter, education reporter, and general assignment reporter and in September 1981 became the Arts Editor.
471
Mr. Crowdus joined the staff of the Courier-Journal and Louisville Times in the summer of 1947. His initial assignment was to cover the police beat as a reporter. He then covered general assignment stories through the 1950s. In 1961 Mr. Crowdus began covering City Hall. Through the administrations of four mayors (Cowger to Sloane) Mr. Crowdus covered city government. In 1977 he returned to general assignment reporting.
972
Mr. Ealy, who came to Louisville in 1918, discusses his recollections of politics, journalism and race relations in the city from 1910s to 1970s. Specifically, this interview contains information on the African American journalists I. Willis Cole (Louisville Leader), William Warley (Louisville News), and Frank Stanley, Sr. (Louisville Defender); machine politics in the city; his recollections of life in the African American community in Louisville; and his philosophy of race relations. He also describes his early life and education.
345
Mr. Edwards began his career in journalism in Horse Cave, Kentucky as news correspondent for the four newspapers then published in Louisville. His first job in Louisville was with the Herald before it merged with the Post. After the stockmarket crash and a period with the Hearst chain, Mr. Edwards joined the Courier Journal and Louisville Times. He served as news editor and assistant managing editor of the Times under Norman Isaacs.
467
Mr. Frank Hartley joined the Courier-Journal and Louisville Times in 1938 as a sports writer for the Times. In 1956 Mr. Hartley moved to the newsroom. Eight years later he returned to the sports department as assistant sports editor. In 1968 he transferred to the Courier-Journal and assumed the position of assistant state editor. In 1976 Mr. Hartley became state editor. Mr. Hartley remained Kentucky editor until 1979, when he was named news ombudsman for the Courier-Journal and Louisville Times.
355
Mr. Hawpe has been with the Courier-Journal and Louisville Times since November of 1969. Prior to that he worked for two years as a reporter for the Associated Press in Lexington, Kentucky and for two years as an editorial writer on the St. Petersburg Times. Mr. Hawpe's initial position with the Courier was as the Eastern Kentucky reporter. In 1972 he joined the editorial staff. He served as assistant state editor for two years, until 1977, when he became the city editor for the Louisville Times. Beginning in 1979 he served as the managing editor of the Courier Journal.
336
Herman Landau is a retired makeup editor of the Louisville Times. His career in journalism began as an office boy. Born and raised in Louisville, Mr. Landau has a broad knowledge of his hometown and the newspapers that have been so much a part of his life.
1251
Educated in Virginia, newspaper experience in Lynchburg and Richmond. Work with the Associated Press in Richmond, New York, Nashville, and Washington, D.C, including administrative experience as AP Bureau Chief for Tennessee. Administrative assistant to Senator A. William Robertson of Virginia for the period 1947-1960. Reasons for moving to L&N in 1960: challenge in organizing the railroad's first public relations department. Expansion of public relations' functions to include a news bureau manned by Edison Thomas and Charles Castner. Promotion projects including production of films on L&N history and on the historic locomotive "The General." Use of The General for public service combined with emphasis on L&N progress. Innovative public relations projects: Use of The General, Kentucky arts and crafts train, films. Role of the public relations department in varied company activities: labor relations, government relations, community relations. Special events such as Lady Bird Special political train, special trains for inspection by company directors and business leaders. Rebuilding advertising programs as passenger service dwindled and disappeared. New emphasis on freight sales, promotion, and on corporate image. Cooperation with traffic department in developing advertising. Comments on public relations aspects of L&N expansion and mergers with NC&StL, the C&I, the Tennessee Central and the Monon railroads: media and community leader contacts. Changes in mission of L&N Magazine content aimed at customers and community leaders as well as employees, circulation split with "family section" going only to employees. Public relations' functions relating to company annual report, stockholders' meeting and special presentation of information. Positive aspects of L&N development and service during the 1960-1970 decade.
354
Mr. Moore worked full-time for the Louisville Times for forty-four years. He served as police reporter, Indiana Editor, copy editor and telegraph news editor. During these years he also wrote the "Lemme Doit" column for four and a half years and began writing "Looking Backward" in 1936. At the time of the interview, he was still writing the "Looking Backward" column.