Red Cross Hospital (Louisville, Ky.)

= Audio Available Online
Beard discusses nearly twenty years of service on the board of directors of Red Cross (Community) Hospital. He covers changes in the character of the board, divisive issues, and the importance of the institution to the Black community.
Dr. Bell discusses his early life and education, including his training at Alcorn College, Morehouse College, and Meharry Medical College. He discusses his involvement with the Red Cross Hospital, a Black-run hospital in Louisville that was known as Community Hospital starting in 1972. (The hospital, founded in 1899, closed in 1975.) Dr. Bell became involved with the hospital in the early 1940s, and discusses the developments there, including the institution of a nurses' training program, integration, fundraising, and other issues. He discusses the clientele of the hospital as well as the care they received. He also talks about the loss to the Black community at the closing of the hospital, and the apparent lack of loyalty the community had to the institution. He discusses Hattie Bishop Speed, as a person and as a supporter of the hospital.
Albert Goldin, a white physician, discusses his association with Red Cross (later Community) Hospital during the last years of its existence. He recalls the role of the board of directors, the failure of the institution, and the relationship between the Black and Jewish medical communities in Louisville.
Heyburn, who was on the Board of Directors of the Red Cross Hospital, is asked questions regarding the hospital and its operation.
Johnson discusses his role as administrator of Red Cross (Community) Hospital; the problems confronting him and the hospital; and why the hospital failed to survive.
Dr. Rabb discusses his early life and education in Mississippi. He speaks of his experiences as a student at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, comparing race relations in his hometown to those in Nashville. He also discusses student activism at Fisk while he was a student. He describes his medical education at Meharry Medical College, and his internship at Kansas City General Hospital Number 2, the segregated public hospital for blacks in Kansas City, Missouri. Dr. Rabb practiced in Shelbyville, Kentucky from 1930 to 1946, and he discusses his practice there, including his relationships with the white physicians in town. Rabb left Shelbyville for Louisville, and he discusses the difficulties that led him to make that move. He talks about his move to Louisville and the support (in the form of office space) he received from Dr. C. Milton Young, Jr. He goes on to discuss his work at Red Cross Hospital, and how he came to be the first African American admitted for post-graduate training at Louisville General Hospital. He describes other areas of integration, including the University of Louisville and its athletic programs. He talks about his leadership role in Louisville's Human Relations Commission, particularly in the area of integrating the police force. He describes his own encounters with racism, the changes he's seen over time, and his role in the sit-ins in Louisville in 1960. He also talks about the integration of public housing. He notes that his proudest achievement is his involvement with the NAACP; he was also a founder of the Kentucky Civil Liberties Union.
Summers discusses his seven or eight years of service on the Red Cross (Community) Hospital's board of directors. As president of the board during the closing months of the hospital's operation, he played an instrumental role in efforts to save the facility. Summer addresses the questions of what the hospital meant to the Black community and the reasons for its failure.
Eric Tachau discusses his almost twenty years of service on the board of directors of Red Cross (Community) Hospital. He describes the work of the various administrators, the problems confronting the board members, and the reasons for the hospital's failure.
Dr. Walls, who was intimately connected with the Red Cross Hospital in Louisville from 1918 until he retired in 1968, discusses the early history of the hospital with particular emphasis on its role in the Black Community.
Dr. John Walls gives a history of the Red Cross Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky. The hospital was organized in the early 1900s to serve Louisville's Black community. The Black doctors weren't able to practice in white hospitals. He talks about the constant fundraising initiatives and the trouble Black doctors had being accepted into the white medical society and how this membership was a prerequisite for working in the white hospitals.